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First Step : Memorize lettersandrecognize.
Animated Urdu Writing:
Urdu languageis full of beauty and grace, a language that seems to have been custom-built for literature, a language that adds meaning to prose and charm to poetry, a language of elegance and polish, a language that marked the dignified from the unlearned, the noble from the ordinary, a language that belonged in the courts of the powerful, in the schools of the wise and the homes of the erudite, a language that might have past the zenith of its splendor, but is still spoken by a many.
Urduis believed to be derived from the Turkish, word ‘Ordu’, which means army encampment (“Lashkar” in Urdu) but most of its vocabulary is derived from Persian and Arabic.
Urdu is spoken by large population across the globe and has served as a communication bridge between different cultures and people from different parts of the world.
Urdu literature is considered one of the richest in literature history especially in poetry and prose. In native terms, these forms are referred as ‘ghazal’, ‘nazm’ and afsana and one can find Urdu Poetry and Urdu Prose writers in profusion, mostly from South Asia.
In recent years, Urdu Sms has gained great popularity among young generation but it cannot be regarded as a true depiction of Urdu but rather for amusement purposes.
Urdu – English Dictionaryis an effort to help understand this language. This site has a huge Urdu vocabulary repository with downloadable audio-enable library to help one pronounce Urdu words correctly.
Things to Remember
Urdu Alphabet :: Vowel Pronunciation Key
“u” in “but””a” in “far””e” in “bed””i” in “fit””ee” in “feet””o” in “code””u” in “put”‘oo’ in booed”ow” in “how””ei” in “neighbor”
1. ( ‘ ) indicates a glottal stop (pronounced like “uh”) in very careful speech. Normally,however, it is not pronounced at the beginning of a word and in other positions itrepresents ‘aa’.2. The combination ‘ah’ at the end of a word is pronounced like ‘aa’ or ‘e’.For example: ‘jagah’ could be ‘jagaa’ or ‘jage’, i.e., the h is silent.3. The combination ‘ah’ or ‘aH’ in the middle of a word is pronounced like ‘e’.
4. n. (n period) indicates nasalization.
5. a – is used to distinguish between sh and s+h, kh and k+h, etc
|‘alif||A||Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel|
|pe||P||Does not occur in Arabic|
|te||t||Used in native urdu words|
|Te||T||Does not occur in Arabic and Persian|
|Se||s||Used in loan words|
|che||ch||Does not occur in Arabic|
|baRi-he||H||Used in loan words|
|Daal||D||Does not occur in Arabic and Persian|
|zaal||z||Used in loan words|
|Re||R||Does not occur in Arabic and Persian|
|ze||z||Used in native urdu words|
|zhe||zh||Does not occur in Arabic|
|saad||s||Used in loan words|
|zaad||z||Used in loan words|
|to-e||t||Used in loan words|
|zo-e||z||Used in loan words|
|ain||‘||Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel|
|gaaf||g||Does not occur in Arabic|
|vaa-o||w||Stands for oo/o/au at the end of a urdu word. In the middle it. could stand for w/oo/o/au|
|chhoTi-he||h||Used in native urdu words|
|chhoTi-ye||y||Stand for ee/e/ai at the end of a urdu word. In the middle it. could stand for y/ee/e/ai|
|baRi yey||Occurs only at the end of a word and stands for e or ai|